Atmospheric chemistry of chlorine and sulfur compounds

by American Geophysical Union. Section of Meteorology. Committee on Atmospheric Chemistry.

Publisher: American Geophysical Union of the National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council in [Washington]

Written in English
Published: Pages: 129 Downloads: 770
Share This

Subjects:

  • Atmosphere -- Congresses.,
  • Air -- Pollution -- Congresses.

Edition Notes

Statementproceedings of a symposium held at the Robert A. Taft Sanitary Engineering Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, November 4-6, 1957. Conducted under the joint sponsorship of the U.S. Public Health Service and the American Geophysical Union. Edited by James P. Lodge, Jr.
SeriesAmerican Geophysical Union. Geophysical monograph -- no.3., Publication (National Research Council (U.S.)) -- no. 652., Geophysical monograph -- 3.
ContributionsLodge, James P., United States. Public Health Service.
The Physical Object
Paginationviii, 129 p. :
Number of Pages129
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14191909M

The American Chemistry Council's (ACC) mission is to deliver value to our members through advocacy, using best-in-class member engagement, political advocacy, communications and scientific research. We are committed to fostering progress in our economy, environment and society. Methods of mea- suring and monitoring atmospheric sulfur dioxide. PHS Publ. No. AP 48 pp. ABSTRACT: A literature review of methodology relating to the measurement of atmospheric sulfur dioxide, a detailed description of recommended methods, and criteria for selection of recommended methods are presented in this report.   Water Vapor and Temperature Dependence of Aerosol Sulfur Concentrations at Fort Wayne, Indiana, October John W. Winchester and Alistair C. D. Leslie Evidence for Aerosol Chlorine Reactivity During Filter Sampling Wang Mingxing and John W. Winchester The Possible Role of Heterogeneous Aerosol Processes in the Chemistry of CH 4 and COPages: H20, CO2, and SO2 are the most common gases in all samples. Minor gases are H2, H2S, HCl, CO, and S2. Based on elemental compositions, convergent-plate volcanoes tend to have higher H (reflected in H2O) and lower C and S (CO2 and SO2) relative to divergent-plate volcanoes and hot-spot volcanoes (which have high relative C and S and low H). HCl is higher at Etna and does not fit the pattern.

Occurrence, Preparation, and Compounds of Hydrogen; Occurrence, Preparation, and the ozone hole is already beginning to decrease in size as atmospheric concentrations of atomic chlorine decrease. While ozone in the stratosphere helps protect us, ozone in the troposphere is a problem. Book title: Chemistry 2e Publication date. (Preparation of basic inorganic sulfur compounds). B. Meyer, Sulfur, Energy, and Environment, Elsevier, Amsterdam, (containing references with full titles). Chapters on the follwowing topics. 1. History of Sulfur 2. Properties of sulfur and Inorganic Sulfur Compounds 3. Analytical Chemistry of Sulfur Compounds Size: KB. (b) Mixture, consisting of unreacted elements (sulfur/chlorine) and the two sulfur chloride compounds. In other words, there could be up to 4 different substances in the mixture. During the sulfur-chlorine reaction it is important to keep air out of the reaction chamber. Chlorine Compound of the Month: Generating Chlorine Dioxide Gas ClO 2 gas can be generated on-site-when and where it is needed-by several methods. One method consists of reacting the salt sodium chlorite (NaClO 2) with an acid (a compound containing hydrogen ions, H +, such as HCl--hydrochloric acid) according to the reaction: 5 NaClO 2 + 4 HCl -> 4 ClO 2 + 2 H 2 O + 5 Cl-+ 5 Na + .

Atmospheric sulfur occurs in a number of trace compounds representing a variety of sulfur oxidation states (Table 2), many of which have a strong affinity for water and dissolve easily in clouds and precipitation. As a result, atmospheric sulfur compounds participate in a variety of gaseous- and aqueous-phase reactions, and many are. Title(s): Atmospheric chemistry of chlorine and sulfur compounds; proceedings of a symposium held at the Robert A. Taft Sanitary Engineering Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, November , Conducted under joint sponsorship of the U. S. Public Health Service and the American Geophysical Union.

Atmospheric chemistry of chlorine and sulfur compounds by American Geophysical Union. Section of Meteorology. Committee on Atmospheric Chemistry. Download PDF EPUB FB2

Atmospheric Chemistry of Chlorine and Sulfur Compounds: Proceedings of a Symposium Held at the Robert A. Taft Sanitary Engineering Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, November 4–6, Editor(s): James P. Atmospheric chemistry of chlorine and sulfur compounds. [Washington] American Geophysical Union, (OCoLC) Material Type: Conference publication: Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: James P Lodge; United States.

Public Health Service.; American Geophysical Union. Suggested Citation:"Atmospheric Chemistry of Chlorine Compounds."National Research Council.

Chlorine and Hydrogen gton, DC: The National. Get this from a library. Atmospheric chemistry of chlorine and sulfur compounds proceedings of a symposium held at the Robert A.

Taft Sanitary Engineering Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, November[James P Lodge; United States. Public Health Service.; American Geophysical Union.]. ( %), oxygen (%), and argon (%). The rest of the atmosphere is composed of water, carbon dioxide, and a large number of trace gases.

Many of the organisms on the planet directly. Purchase Atmospheric Chemical Compounds - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBNSulfur (in British English, sulphur) is a chemical element with the symbol S and atomic number It is abundant, multivalent, and normal conditions, sulfur atoms form cyclic octatomic molecules with a chemical formula S tal sulfur is a bright yellow, crystalline solid at room temperature.

Sulfur is the tenth most common element by mass in the universe, and the fifth Alternative name: sulphur (British spelling). Sulfur is an important plant nutrient, and some soils are sulfur deficient and accordingly require additions of sulfate or elemental sulfur.

However, sulfur is less frequently the limiting factor in plant growth than is fixed N or soluble phosphates. The chief role of SO 4 2-in (NH 4) 2 SO 4 fertilizer is a benign vehicle for the ammonium ion.

Atmospheric Chemistry provides readers with a basic knowledge of the chemistry of Earth's atmosphere, and an understanding of the role that chemical transformations Atmospheric chemistry of chlorine and sulfur compounds book in this vital part of our environment.

The composition of the 'natural' atmosphere (troposphere, stratosphere and mesosphere) is described in terms of the physical and chemical cycles that govern the behaviour of the major and.

ATMOSPHERIC chemistry is a branch of atmospheric science where major focus is the composition of the Earth's atmosphere and that of other planets; it is a multidisciplinary field of research [1.

In this chapter, the atmospheric sources, sinks, distributions, trends, and impacts of organic bromine and iodine compounds are reviewed. Most studies of bromine in the atmosphere have been driven by its well-characterized contribution to stratospheric ozone by: 9.

Oxygen; carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons: nitrogen oxides; ammonia; sulfur compounds; chlorine compounds; other trace gases. - Chemistry of the troposphere Description of the principal reactions: primary oxidation steps of CO and of hydrocarbons; reactions of the resulting peroxy radicals and subsequent processes: formation and destruction of.

Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 3rd Edition, as the previous two editions have done, provides a rigorous and comprehensive treatment of the chemistry and physics of the atmosphere - including the chemistry of the stratosphere and troposphere, aerosol physics and chemistry, atmospheric new particle formation, physical meteorology, cloud /5(35).

Earth’s Atmosphere and the Ozone Layer. Earth’s atmosphere at sea level is an approximately solution of nitrogen and oxygen gases, with small amounts of carbon dioxide, water vapor, and the noble gases, and trace amounts of a variety of other compounds (Table "The Composition of Earth’s Atmosphere at Sea Level*").A key feature of the atmosphere is that its composition.

Chlorine is a chemical element with the symbol Cl and atomic number The second-lightest of the halogens, it appears between fluorine and bromine in the periodic table and its properties are mostly intermediate between them.

Chlorine is a yellow-green gas at room temperature. It is an extremely reactive element and a strong oxidising agent: among the elements, it has the highest electron Pronunciation: /ˈklɔːriːn, -aɪn/ ​(KLOR-een, -⁠yn).

Magnitude of Sulfur Dioxide Pollution Possible Methods of Reducing Sulfur Dioxide Pollution Atmospheric Chemistry of Chlorine and Sulfur Compounds: Proceedings of a Symposium Held at the Robert A. Taft Sanitary Engineering Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, November 4–6, Author: D.

Bienstock, J. Field, H. Benson. Sulfur Dioxide and Total Sulfur Sulfur dioxide and other sulfur compounds were monitored with a Tracor Model HA Atmospheric Sulfur Analyzer equipped with a flame photometric detector (FPD).

Other sulfur-containing compounds were measured as total sulfur by direct injection of'the sample to the FPD. Sulfur compounds like SO 2 and SO 3 are considered to be the main air pollutants. Of which, SO 2 is the most important one. The origin of these sulfur compounds are mainly due to the burning of fossil fuels like coal.

Sulfur is a common constituent in some of the coals and its oxides produce acid rain. LwIRONNIE I AL R1 SEA () Atmospheric Sulfur Compounds and Microbes H. BABICH AND G. STOTZKY Loboratmw of Microbial Ecology, Department ul Biology, New Ytwk UnhTI-sity New York, Neu York Received November 8, The current increased emissions of sulfur dioxide have necessitated the determination of the background levels of atmospheric sulfur-containing Cited by: Atmospheric chemistry has been the focus of much research activity in recent years, and there is now heightened public awareness of the environmental issues in which it plays a part.

In a clear, readable style, this important book looks at the insights and interpretations afforded by the research, and places in context the exciting, dramatic, and sometimes disturbing findings. Atmospheric Chemistry (Gas Phase) of Sulfur Compounds Sulfur Oxides Reduced Sulfur Compounds (Dimethyl Sulfide) Tropospheric Chemistry of Halogen Compounds Chemical Cycles of Halogen Species Tropospheric Chemistry of CFC Replacements: Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) and.

Atmospheric Chemistry and Global Change Brasseur, Guy P., Orlando, John J., Tyndall, Geoffrey S. This book presents an integrated examination of chemical processes in the atmosphere, focusing on global-scale problems and their role in the evolution of the Earth system.

@article{osti_, title = {Chlorine, fluorine, and sulfur emissions from Mount Erebus, Antarctica and estimated contributions to the Antarctic atmosphere}, author = {Zreda-Gostynska, G. and Kyle, P.R. and Finnegan, D.L.}, abstractNote = {The authors report a study of the atmospheric release of gases from Mount Erebus, in continental Antarctica, over the period Dec to Jan Chemistry of the Upper and Lower Atmosphere, pp.

New York, USA: Academic Press. [This book is recommended for a general information and education in atmospheric chemistry.] Graedel T.E., Crutzen P.J. Atmospheric Change: An Earth System Perspective. Atmospheric Chemistry of Reduced Nitrogen Compounds Amines Nitriles Nitrites Atmospheric Chemistry (Gas Phase) of Sulfur Compounds Sulfur Oxides Reduced Sulfur Compounds (Dimethyl Sulfide) Tropospheric Chemistry of Halogen Compounds The divalent sulfur chemistry of thiols, monosulfides, disulfides and polysulfides is a large area in itself, much of it devoted to oxidation-reduction and the breakage and formation of sulfur-sulfur bonds, although interesting discoveries are now being made about the reac­ tivity of certain sulfur-carbon bonds.

Every single thing and person consists of elements, and this informative series will help young readers understand just how important the elements are and what role they play in the science of chemistry.

Enhanced by easy-to-follow diagrams and full-color illustrations, the text explains how elements behave, their individual characteristics and their importance in everyday s: 1. compounds ppb troposphere atmos sulfate stratosphere radiation velocity parcel radical There are multiple graduate level courses found within the book's covers.

If you have the background to digest it, this is the one volume on atmospheric chemistry and physics that is almost a must. Sulfur Oxygen Compounds.

The two common oxides of sulfur are sulfur dioxide, SO 2, and sulfur trioxide, SO 3. The odor of burning sulfur comes from sulfur dioxide. Sulfur dioxide, shown in, occurs in volcanic gases and in the atmosphere near industrial plants that burn fuel containing sulfur compounds.

Purchase Sulfur Dioxide, Chlorine, Fluorine and Chlorine Oxides - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBNBook Edition: 1. The atmospheric half-life and lifetime of chlorine due to these reactions is estimated to be about 10 minutes and 14 minutes, respectively.

The chlorine atoms produced will then react with organic compounds (mainly alkanes in polluted urban areas) to form hydrogen chloride and .Laboratory studies, atmospheric measurements, and numerical models of the atmosphere have provided important evidence for the significant effects of chlorine and bromine on stratospheric ozone in the last few decades and have confirmed the role of bromine-containing halons in ozone depletion.

This.Physical properties. Sulfur forms polyatomic molecules with different chemical formulas, with the best-known allotrope being octasulfur, cyclo-S point group of cyclo-S 8 is D 4d and its dipole moment is 0 D.

[8] Octasulfur is a soft, bright-yellow solid with only a faint odor, similar to that of matches. [9] It melts at °C, boils at °C and sublimes easily.

[3].