Evaluation of drought feeding practices in Southern Africa

being the general report of the one-man Subcommittee for Drought Feeding of the SARCCUS Standing Committee for Animal Production by Southern African Regional Commission for the Conservation and Utilisation of the Soil. Standing Committee for Animal Production. Subcommittee for Drought Feeding.

Publisher: Republic of South Africa, Dept. of Agriculture and Fisheries in Pretoria

Written in English
Published: Pages: 20 Downloads: 56
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Places:

  • Africa, Southern,
  • Africa, Southern.

Subjects:

  • Range management -- Africa, Southern -- Evaluation.,
  • Cattle -- Feeding and feeds -- Climatic factors -- Africa, Southern.,
  • Sheep -- Feeding and feeds -- Climatic factors -- Africa, Southern.,
  • Goats -- Feeding and feeds -- Climatic factors -- Africa, Southern.,
  • Forage plants -- Climatic factors -- Africa, Southern.,
  • Pastures -- Climatic factors -- Africa, Southern.,
  • Plants, Effect of drought on -- Africa, Southern.,
  • Cattle -- Effect of drought on -- Africa, Southern.,
  • Sheep -- Effect of drought on -- Africa, Southern.,
  • Goats -- Effect of drought on -- Africa, Southern.,
  • Droughts -- Africa, Southern.

Edition Notes

Statementby J.G. Cloete.
ContributionsCloete, J. G.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsSF85.4.A46 S68 1980
The Physical Object
Paginationv, 20 p. :
Number of Pages20
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL3875724M
LC Control Number81200185

Although the physical aspects and agricultural impacts of drought and government and donor response as well as household coping and survival strategies in the event of drought have been well studied, little research has occurred on either its nonagricultural or economy-wide macroeconomic impacts in Sub-Saharan Africa. Drought, climate change and vegetation response in the succulent karoo, South Africa M.T. Hoffman a*, particularly in the winter-rainfall region of southern Africa5,6 as a result of the predicted pole-ward retreat of For the winter-rainfall region of South Africa, the frequency of drought is predicted to increase over the next years. For example, the –92 drought in southern Africa resulted in a deficit of more than million tons of cereal supplies, which affectedmore than 20 million people (Dinar and Keck, ). Past drought response programs have been reactive and have done little, if anything, to reduce the impacts of future droughts. The impact of drought on sub-Saharan African economies - a preliminary examination (English) Abstract. This paper arose out of interest in the broader implications of droughts in African countries and in particular, the droughts of Southern Africa in the mids.

Johannesburg/Addis Ababa- 15 November – New evidence released today shows that social cash transfers are working in Africa, and that giving cash to families is leading to numerous positive outcomes, including reducing poverty among the most vulnerable. In a new book, From Evidence to Action: The Story of Cash Transfers and Impact Evaluations in Sub-Saharan . Feeding Strategies During Drought. Livestock Update, July Dr. Mark L. Wahlberg, Extension Animal Scientist. Cattle and sheep producers in some parts of Virginia are already experiencing feed shortages due to drought conditions. For those of you who are not in that shape, don't let your guard down.   The low costs of the two feeding programs using winter pasture show how drought has increased the cost of traditional dry matter sources, such as hay. Winter pasture is a very viable substitute for hay in the winter, but be alert for several problems that might arise. Drought in Southern Africa', Harare, September ; at the Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex at a workshop on Linking Relief and Development, 28 March , and at work-in-progress seminars at ODI and in.

provides a number of insights into the impact of drought in Southern Africa in the past and suggests policy options for dealing with future droughts. It is anticipated that the conclusions from this paper will also be useful for other regions in Africa and the world. The aim of the chapter was to evaluate and predict the nutritive and feeding value of unknown and underutilised forages. Underutilised forages were collected from various regions. Chemical composition and degradability of forages in the rumen were determined. A dataset was created bearing degradability parameters of feeds from 40 studies. Using the dataset, a step-wise . Defining Drought: Donald A. Wilhite, Director School of Natural Resources The Challenge for Early Warning Systems. The Cycle of Disaster Management. Drought vs. Aridity • Aridity is a permanent feature of climate. • Drought is a temporary feature of climate, an aberration. SOUTHERN AFRICA PREPARES FOR EL NINO-ENDUCED DROUGHT. by Caiphas Chimhete. Novem As El Nino, a weather phenomenon which often causes drought in southern Africa becomes more evident, the region's countries are moving quickly to put measures in place to reduce its impact.

Evaluation of drought feeding practices in Southern Africa by Southern African Regional Commission for the Conservation and Utilisation of the Soil. Standing Committee for Animal Production. Subcommittee for Drought Feeding. Download PDF EPUB FB2

Despite the current popular interest in the African famine problem, Drought and Hunger in Africa is the first major collection of the results that have emerged from the recent profusion of research relating to the subject.

As such, this book has relevance, not only in Africa, but also to scientists, social-scientists and policy makers in the Format: Paperback. Evaluation of drought feeding practices in Southern Africa book In southern Africa, the failed /92 rainy season and dry conditions that followed are largely remembered as the worst drought in living memory.

The resulting regional and international response has been repeatedly acclaimed as an unprecedented success, with almost 11 million MT food, being imported to avert region-wide famine.

The recent drought in southern Africa has underscored the need for detailed analysis of the phenomenon. While geographers have researched the causes and impacts of drought in many African contexts, South Africa and in particular its Bantustans have not received sufficient similar attention.

This paper outlines firstly the dimensions of drought in South Africa, including the. Forage Production and Conservation Manual Growing and ensiling annual and perennial forage crops suited to marginal and semi-arid areas of Southern Africa O.

Mhere Matopos Research Station, Zimbabwe B. Maasdorp Department of Crop Science, University of Zimbabwe M. Titterton Department of Animal Science, University of Zimbabwe April   The impact of the drought is massive for South Africa, the region's breadbasket, but could be dire for the rest of the countries in southern.

Drought and its associated impacts have been causing critical problems for agriculture, vulnerable communities and overall development for many years in South Africa. Impacts of drought such as the effects on a regions’ climatology, increases in food insecurity and food prices and the integration of drought with.

Last year, South Africa received its lowest rainfall since The key summer crop production areas have been the worst affected, although the impact of the drought is being felt nationwide.

In many extensive production areas, subsistence and small-scale farmers, as well as commercial farmers, have been unable to provide feed for their. Southern African countries have launched an emergency appeal for $bn (£bn) to help feed nearly 40 million people hit by one of.

Droughts in Southern Africa 1 Paper submitted for the XIII International Conference on Input-Output Techniques, University of Macerata, Italy, August 21stth Drought in Southern Africa: A Study for Botswana Scott McDonald1 Introduction Large parts of sub-Saharan Africa experience both low average rainfall and periodic and severe.

Mason et al., Southern Africa, /2 Secondary analysis of child nutrition surveys from Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe Prevalence of underweight, comparing pre-drought to post-drought figures Child underweight deteriorated everywhere except Lesotho.

Substantial worsening in some areas e.g. 5 to 20% in Maputo. Impact of drought on food scarcity in Limpopo province, South Africa Drought is emerging as one of the main challenges other parts of Southern Africa (StatsSA, ).

Two districts. Southern Africa now facing the peak of the El Niño-induced drought food security crisis, which is expected to last at least until the harvest in March/April severe than any recorded drought of the twentieth century." Introducing their study of the subject, Esper et al.

()5 write that "analysis of the PDSI [Palmer Drought Severity Index], a standardized measure of surface moisture conditions, revealed distinct 20th century aridity changes in vulnerable NW Africa.

This real time evaluation (RTE) is one of four commissioned by the Inter-Agency Standing Commit - tee (IASC), looking at the response to the Horn of Africa drought and food security crisis. In total some US $bn was raised for the response, with US $m going to Ethiopia.

In such. Committee (RIASCO) for Southern Africa Response Plan. Focused on restoring agricultural livelihoods, FAO’s drought response plan requests $ million to support 19 million people— million vulnerable households— throughout Southern Africa. FAO’s three primary objectives include reducing food-consumption gaps and improving.

For example the / drought in Southern Africa affected almost 20 million people and resulted in a deficit of cereal supplies of more than million tonnes (Wilhite et al., ). Drought differs from other natural hazards in several ways.

Firstly, the effects of droughts. Southern Africa is currently in the grip of an intense drought, driven by one of the strongest El Niño events of the last 50 years. The ongoing El Niño has resulted in a severe drought across Southern Africa.

Rains, which typically begin in October/November, have been 10 to more than 50 days late and significantly below average. The El Niño and its impact on rainfall in southern Africa Between late and JuneSouth Africa experienced an El Niño-related drought, which various reports claim to be the worst meteorological drought in the southern Africa region in 35.

drought appeal, scheduled for release in late June. While limited ongoing harvests will temporarily improve food access in parts of Southern Africa, the UN expects food security to deteriorate further by July, with food insecurity peaking between December and March as the effects of consecutive poor harvests set in.

Last month the WFP said 14 million people across southern Africa faced going hungry due to the prolonged drought, with the cost of maize—the regional staple—in Malawi 73 percent higher than.

World Food Programme (WFP) Nepal and the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development (MoALD) have produced the second joint mVAM Market Update through a detailed assessment of the price of essential commodities in 68 districts in the first round, and 62 districts in the second round during the COVID national lockdown.

SOUTHERN AFRICA DROUGHT ASSESSMENT: IMPACT ON WATER AND SANITATION Prepared for Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance, U.S. Agency for International Development under WASH Task No. by Frank P. Carroll and Ron Parker August Water and Sanitation for Health Project - Contact No.

DPe^*W-8Opp, Project No. Drought is possibly the greatest single factor that influences the economics of livestock production enterprises in South Africa. The fear of drought is the single most important factor that prevent stocking rates from approaching those theoretically possible, particularly on improved veld.

Complementary Feeding Practices among Infant and Young Children in Southern Ethiopia: Review of the Findings from a Canada-Ethiopia Project September DOI: /jas.v7n10p Drought is a major disaster in South Africa in terms of total economic loss and number of people affected. This study investigated and analysed the preparedness, impact of and response by the farming community to the / drought using the Eastern Cape and Free.

Southern Africa through April The onset of significant rainfall in late February has improved water supplies and pasture conditions in some areas but is insufficient to improve harvest yields, according to the Southern African Development Community (SADC)—an intergovernmental.

result again in lower than average rainfall in countries in Southern Africa this and next year, makes this paper relevant. The paper provides a number of insights into the impact of drought in Southern Africa in the past and suggests policy options for dealing with future droughts.

Climate change due to global warming is a world concern, particularly in Africa. In this study, precipitation and temperature variables are taken as a proxy to assess and quantify the long-term climate change and drought in the Horn of Africa (HOA) (–).

We adapted a simple linear regression and interpolation to analyze, respectively, the trend and spatial distribution of the.

South Africa, Southern Africa's largest food producer, has experienced its driest year since records began in It typically exports surplus food to neighbouring countries but, due to decreased production, it is not able to do so this year.

If South Africa is transitioning to a new climate paradigm, it will need to explore the feasibility of producing alternative food crops. In the Fynbos Biome the five Rhenoster veld vegetation types are used for stock farming (mainly sheep) and ostrich production.

This is mainly a winter rainfall area and during the dry summer months additional feeding practices need to be applied. The Grassland Biome is the mainstay of dairy, beef and wool production in South Africa. Between July and mid, a severe drought affected the entire East African region.

Said to be "the worst in 60 years", the drought caused a severe food crisis across Somalia, Djibouti, Ethiopia and Kenya that threatened the livelihood of million people.

Many refugees from southern Somalia fled to neighboring Kenya and Ethiopia, where crowded, unsanitary ."The drought that's occurring or has been occurring for a couple of years across Africa is almost not on the radar at all for many, if not almost all, Americans," Fries said, "and yet massive.The objective of this study was to characterise meteorological droughts in the Central Region of South Africa using Standardised Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI) and to examine if there is a relationship between drought and El Niño events.

The SPEI was used to quantify the precipitation deficit over time and space across the catchment for the time-scales that are .